Generative Audio Looping in Max & Max For Live - On demand

Learn to build a tape loop playback device in Max 4 Live.

Course Instructor: Johan Englund

Course level

Brian Eno used arranged tape loops for composition in the 1970 Discreet Music and Music For Airports. This M4L device takes those ideas and uses them for a simple but effective loop playback device.

What you'll learn

  • Build a basic audio file playback device
  • Explore signal routings using send & return objects
  • Use sub-patch encapsulations in M4L
  • Describe the signal flow in a M4L device


  • A computer and Internet connection
  • A web cam and mic
  • A Zoom account
  • Access to a copy of Max 8 (i.e. trial or full license)

Course content

  • ---- Lesson plan
  • ---- Max for live resources
  • ---- Part 1 - Introduction to the twoone looper, signal flow and audio file management in Max
  • ---- Part 2 - The storage & playback section (buffer~, groove~) and how to build a transport section
  • ---- Part 3 - Recap on signal flow for the twoone device
  • ---- Part 4 - Get buffer info and how to divide the loops
  • ---- Part 5 - Recap on how the twoone performs and sounds

Who is this course for

  • In this workshop you’ll learn how to work with audio file playback objects like buffer~ & groove~ along with send & receive concepts and sub-patches.

Useful links

About the workshop leader

Johan Englund is a music producer based in St Leonards East Sussex and an educator for Tileyard Education (London) and Bimm (London). He has been engaged as a professional in the music industry since the early 1990s and as a lecturer since 2005.